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By Thomas Fleming

By the time John Brown hung from the gallows for his crimes at Harper’s Ferry, Northern abolitionists had made him a ““holy martyr” of their crusade opposed to Southern slave proprietors. This Northern hatred for Southerners lengthy predated their objections to slavery. They have been confident that New England, whose spokesmen had started the yank Revolution, must have been the chief of the recent kingdom. in its place, that they had been displaced through Southern ““slavocrats” like Thomas Jefferson.

This malevolent envy exacerbated the South’s maximum worry: a race conflict. Jefferson’s cry, ““We are actually to be pitied,” summed up their dread. for many years, extremists in either areas flung insults and threats, developing intractable enmities. by means of 1861, just a civil struggle that will kill one million males may possibly shop the Union.

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The gang adjourned to a rally at close by Tammany corridor, headquarters of the already infamous Democratic political desktop. For a loud hour, orators denounced abolitionists because the enemies of recent York’s southern buddies, whose enterprise was once important to the city’s prosperity. numerous thousand individuals of the viewers, now absolutely infuriated, spoke back to information that the abolitionists have been assembly on the Chatham highway Chapel close to the docks, and charged into the streets back. The rioters, a lot of them inebriated, banged and kicked on the chapel’s doorways, shouting obscenities. once again Garrison lingered nervously at the fringe of the mob whereas the lighting within the chapel went out and Gotham’s handful of abolitionists fled for his or her lives. quickly the mob smashed within the chapel doorways and swarmed within. thirteen An appalled Garrison determined he will be more secure in Boston, the place he wrote a derring-do model of his slim get away within the Liberator. 5 thousand enemies of freedom had attempted to tar and feather him, yet he had eluded their evil clutches. “I regard them with mingled feelings of pity and contempt,” he declared. He was once able to “brave any possibility, even unto dying. ” The phrases can have gained him a few sympathy in Boston, the place reviews of money-grubbing New Yorkers had by no means been excessive. however it remained transparent that the nation’s biggest and richest urban used to be unimpressed by means of Garrison’s intended triumphs in Britain. 14 New Yorkers additionally didn't imagine a lot of the British abolition of slavery within the West Indies. liberating 850,000 slaves who have been 3 thousand miles away used to be easily now not similar to the instant liberation of 2,000,000 blacks within the American South. Virginia, the nation’s greatest slave nation, was once in basic terms 300 miles away. What used to be to prevent tens of hundreds of thousands of ex-slaves from heading for brand new York and competing with white staff for jobs? If employment was once now not approaching, they'd must be fed and clothed via town or country govt to avoid an insurrection that may make Nat Turner’s eruption a trifling skirmish. William Lloyd Garrison and his fans remained tragically ignorant of this important distinction among British and American slavery. bankruptcy nine New England Rediscovers the Sacred Union whereas William Lloyd Garrison was once studying that his love affair with British abolitionists was once meaningless, American politicians had different issues on their minds. the commercial Revolution in Britain and elements of the United States—notably New England—was commencing to rework the realm. to guard the recent factories, Congress started passing tariff money owed that shielded America’s brands from aggressive British items. first and foremost many southerners supported the tariff; they anticipated to industrialize too. South Carolina was once in particular positive. they'd water strength, and their plantations have been generating cotton by means of the ton. yet few southerners had the technical heritage to run a mill, and imported Yankees proved bad managers of slave exertions. The cotton growers determined they can make more cash by means of increasing their plantations.

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