Many designers use folding strategies of their paintings to make third-dimensional kinds from two-dimensional sheets of material, cardboard, plastic, steel, and lots of different fabrics. This specific booklet explains the main concepts of folding, akin to pleated surfaces, curved folding and crumpling. a sublime, useful instruction manual, it covers over 70 recommendations defined via transparent step by step drawings, crease-pattern drawings, and specifically commissioned images.
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Extra info for Folding Techniques for Designers: From Sheet to Form
A motif is repeated in a instantly line with no overlap. whilst utilized to a sq. of paper (or different polygon), the squares are easily repeated aspect via facet and the crease trend repeated. Folded motif 1. 2. 1 _ 1 An instance of translation symmetry (see photograph overleaf). : 031 BASIC suggestions Symmetrical 1. 2. Repeats 1. 2. 1. Translation 1. : 032 1. 2. 1 _ 1 Translation symmetry 1. simple ideas 1. 2. Symmetrical Repeats 1. 2. 1. Translation Folded motif 1. 2. 1 _ 2 An instance of translation symmetry. : 034 1. uncomplicated innovations 1. 2. Symmetrical Repeats 1. 2. 2. Reﬂection 1. 2. 2. Reﬂection Deﬁnition: a motif is repeated precisely in a single course, yet whenever as a reflect photo of the previous motif. Reﬂection symmetry makes attainable crease styles extra advanced than these made with translation symmetry, since it turns into more uncomplicated to attach motifs jointly around the line of symmetry with a standard crease. Folded motif 1. 2. 2 _ 1 An instance of Folded motif 1. 2. 2 _ 2 An instance of : 035 1. simple recommendations 1. 2. Symmetrical Repeats 1. 2. three. Rotation 1. 2. three. Rotation Deﬁnition: a motif is strictly repeated round one universal element. not like translation and reﬂection symmetries, that are linear repeats, rotation symmetry makes attainable repetition throughout a aircraft, round a typical element. utilizing a sq., any of the 4 corners can be utilized because the universal element of rotation, permitting many kinds to be generated from an identical motif. 1. 2. three _ 1 Motif 1 adaptations Folded motif Repetition of the motif to create a celeb trend of folds. The kinds within the photos at the left are either folded from this unmarried trend. every one shape is the opposite grew to become within out. Repetition of the motif to create a radial development of folds. See picture contrary. observe that, just like the instance above and left, this way can also be grew to become inside of out, even though the variation is much less dramatic. : 036 1. 1. 2. three _ 1 easy techniques 1. 2. Symmetrical Repeats 1. 2. three. Rotation : 037 BASIC recommendations Symmetrical 1. 2. Repeats 1. 2. three. Rotation 1. 1. 2. three _ Motif 2 diversifications In either Motif 1 and Motif 2, many kinds are attainable, looking on how every one shape is collapsed. If a unique nook of every motif is used because the universal aspect of rotation, very varied kinds should be generated. each one rotational trend of 4 motifs can itself be repeated round a standard element to create surfaces and different types of nice complexity and wonder, yet from an easy motif. 1. 2. three _ 2/2 1. 2. three _ 2/1 Folded motif 1. 2. three _ 2/1 within the pictures above, every one shape is the opposite grew to become within out. they're either folded from this rotational conﬁ guration of the motif. : 038 1. 2. three _ 2/2 right here the small, folded sqaure within the backside right-hand nook of the motif is grouped with others round the centre to create a wide, mountain-fold sq. that are inverted into the paper. See picture contrary. 1. 2. three _ 2/2. Rotation symmetry simple techniques Symmetrical 1. 2. Repeats 1. 2. three. Rotation 1. : 039 BASIC thoughts Symmetrical 1. 2. Repeats 1. 2. four. flow Reﬂection 1. 1. 2. four. waft Reﬂection Deﬁnition: a motif is translated and reﬂected, now not unavoidably in a immediately line.