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Haven of Liberty chronicles the coming of the 1st Jews to big apple in 1654 and highlights the function of republicanism in shaping their id and associations. Rock follows the Jews of NewYork during the Dutch and British colonial eras, the yank Revolution and early republic, and the antebellum years, finishing with a path-breaking account in their outlook and behaviour throughout the Civil struggle. Overcoming major obstacles, those brave women and men laid the principles for one of many world’s optimum Jewish cities.

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With the liberty on hand in republican society, their households lived lives with fewer Jewish ties and combined freely with the Christian global within the open republican society. a few girls rising from those households could intermarry. whereas so much wouldn't, their id with Jewish society and with Shearith Israel, whereas no longer damaged, used to be weaker than within the shut synagogue neighborhood of colonial manhattan. forty nine as the Jewish group so deeply included the republican values of the hot American republic, republicanism deeply prompted the Jewish religious lifetime of either men and women, a existence nonetheless principally established on congregation Shearith Israel. Republican divisions that sundered the yankee A Republican religion ■ one hundred thirty five political neighborhood additionally divided congregants. The republicanism that so pervaded all points of yankee public lifestyles and penetrated into the personal lives of the nation’s electorate took root one of the Jewish neighborhood of recent York, which formed a different blend of conventional practices and republican ideology. The Reverend Gershom Mendes Seixas in 1784, as he was once retaking the location of hazan at Shearith Israel after the Revolution; artist unknown. (Courtesy Museum of the town of recent York) 136 CHAPTER 7 New York’s Republican Rabbi and His Congregation As religious chief of Shearith Israel from the overdue colonial interval to the tip of the battle of 1812, Gershom Seixas lived in 3 separate eras of yankee heritage. the single Jewish trustee of Columbia collage within the 19th century, he represented Judaism in early nationwide manhattan. A Jeffersonian republican and a religious, conventional Jew, his lifestyles was once additionally a version for Jews in manhattan who strove to be Jewish voters of the hot republic. Born in ny of an vague service provider, Gershom Seixas, below the impression of Hazan Joseph Jeshurun Pinto, gravitated to the synagogue from an early age, changing into hazan in 1768, whilst he was once simply twenty-two. apart from the battle years in Philadelphia, he served until eventually his dying in 1816. in the course of his tenure, Seixas led day-by-day, Sabbath, and vacation prayers; circumcised Jewish boys; taught university; carried out weddings, funerals, and bar mitzvahs; and comforted the ill and bereaved. as well as being the 1st Jewish trustee of Columbia collage, he additionally served at the board of the city’s Humane Society. He combined with John Jay and Alexander Hamilton and used to be most likely current at Washington’s inauguration. a guy of typical top and stature, eschewing a beard, and recognized for his beneficiant yet now not outgoing character, Seixas wearing the way of the city’s divines, in a black dress with a double white collar. through the years, “his integrity, his innate dignity and his sound judgment in all his dealings with the Jewish and Christian groups” made him either a cherished chief of the congregation and the executive consultant of the Jewish humans within the nation’s greatest urban. 1 Seixas knew the issues of Shearith Israel. through the conflict of 1812, he 137 138 ■ h av e n o f l i b e r t y anguished over the “state of the funds of the synagogue.

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